Selected pro-health effects of probiotic bacteria and examples.
- prevent and support cancer treatment (Lactobacillus casei)
- support weight loss (Lactobacillus paracasei)
- have antioxidant and rejuvenating properties (Bifidobacterium longum)
- eradicate (remove) pathogens, e.g. Salmonella, Helicobacter, Escherichia Coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans. (Bifidobacterium lactis)
- they produce vitamins (e.g. B, K) and enzymes. (Lactobacillus reuteri)
- heal intestinal damage (“intestinal leak”) and destroyed enterocytes (intestinal cells in villi) (Lactobacillus rhamnosus)
- reduce intestinal inflammation in Crohn’s disease, Ulcerative Colitis, Irritable Bowel (Bifidobacterium bifidum)
- they improve immunity by repairing the intestinal immune system. (Lactobacillus acidophilus)
- support the treatment of viral and bacterial diarrhoea (Bifidobacterium breve)
- support the treatment of constipation (Lactobacillus reuteri) digest lactose, casein (Streptococcus thermophilus)
- reduce tooth decay (Lactobacillus paracasei)
- improve the LDL-HDL economy and reduce hypertension (Lactobacillus Plantarum)
- improve the mood and quality of sleep, as well as have an antidepressant effect (Lactobacillus Helvetius)
- have antiallergic and anti-asthmatic effects (Lactobacillus salivarius)
Psychobiotic is probiotic bacteria that, when consumed in appropriate doses, have an effect on the entero-cerebral axis and have a beneficial effect on the mental health of patients suffering from mental illness and alleviate the symptoms of depression, irritable bowel syndrome and chronic fatigue. Psychobiotic probiotic bacteria. Lactobacillus helveticus and Bifidobacterium longum have an effect on reducing cortisol levels. They also reduce inflammation in the body. Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium – actively secrete the GABA neurotransmitter. Bifidobacterium infantis is able to change the level of serotonin in the body. Lactobacillus acidophilus has a positive effect on the functioning of the cannabinoid receptors in the spinal cord responsible for the regulation of pain perception. infantis, L. reuteri. are responsible for controlling appetite by increasing the concentration of leptin hormone and inhibiting ghrelin secretion, which causes a signal of satiety to the brain. Lactobacillus rhamnosus reduces anxiety and depression. It affects the brain through the vagus nerve, increasing the secretion of the GABA neurotransmitter.
- 1.Lactobacillus acidophilus. One of the most valuable probiotic strains. He belongs to a group of psychobiotics. It prevents the development of harmful microorganisms in food and also participates in the production of niacin, folic acid and vitamin B6. Has the ability to convert lactose into lactic acid, which in people with hypolactasia supports the process of dietary treatment. They have peroxide dismutase responsible for removing reactive oxygen species. Positively stimulates the immune mechanisms, regulates bowel function. Eliminates toxic substances from the body.
- Lactobacillus casei is competitive to Salmonella typhimurium (Bacterial dysentery), It shows the effect preventing the transformation of procarcinogens into active carcinogens. It has beneficial effects in patients with travellers’ diarrhoea, antibiotic-dependent diarrhoea and recurrent colitis due to Clostridium Difficile
- Bifidobacterium bifidum Antagonist effects have been demonstrated for strains of the Bacteroides genus. They can inhibit the growth of bacteria responsible for the conversion of procarcinogens to carcinogens or bind and inactivate carcinogens. Due to its anti-inflammatory properties, it can be particularly useful in the treatment of autoimmune diseases such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) e.g. Crohn’s disease, Ulcerative colitis.
- Streptococcus salivarius subsp. thermophilus. Antiviral activity has been found to be effective in preventing remission of intestinal inflammation. They are capable of producing the enzyme lactase and thus facilitate the digestion and absorption of lactose from dairy products.
- Lactobacillus reuteri They can effectively prevent infections of the genitourinary tract. They are also able to colonize the digestive tract of newborns, including premature babies. It belongs to the natural microbionts of breast milk It inhibits the growth of some Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, fungi and protozoa. It also produces cobalamin. Used to treat acute diarrhoea in children, e.g. viral rota. Has antiproliferative properties of H. pylori. Reduction of an inflammatory response in people with ch. Lesniowski Crohn and Ulcerative Enteritis. In adults with constipation, it increased the frequency of defecation. It reduces the incidence of respiratory infections. It has been shown that L. reuteri can be used in the prevention of caries because it fights Streptococcus mutant responsible for caries. Intrauterine supplementation with L. reuteri can also be successfully used in women for the prevention of inflammation within the reproductive organs. There are reports of a potential anti-cancer effect of L. reuteri.
- Lactobacillus rhamnosus can be a means of preventing and treating obesity. May alleviate the clinical manifestations of gastrointestinal inflammation and atopic dermatitis. The use of LGG has a beneficial effect on the therapeutic effect in patients with travellers’ diarrhoea, antibiotic-dependent diarrhoea and recurrent colitis due to Clostridium difficile. Milk fermented by LGG reduces permeability defects caused by exposure to cow’s milk proteins or rotavirus infection. LGG has a proven beneficial effect on intestinal local immunity. It increases the concentration of IgA and cells secreting immunoglobulins in the intestinal mucosa. It also stimulates the local release of interferon. They can effectively prevent genitourinary infections.
- Lactobacillus paracasei Inhibits the development of Salmonella enterica and Heliobacter pylori. Has the ability to break down lactose. Can reduce the number of bacteria in the mouth that cause caries – Streptococcus mutants. It inhibits the development of intestinal pathogens and supports the immune system. Lactobacillus paracasei supports the fight against obesity. Helps fight respiratory infections and reduces allergic reactions.
- Lactobacillus plantarum. Lactobacillus plantarum produces hydrogen peroxide, which kills pathogens. Lactobacillus plantarum is also resistant to most antibiotics. Lactobacillus plantarum reduces or prevents inflammation of the intestinal epithelium in people with Crohn’s disease, irritable bowel syndrome and ulcerative colitis. It positively reduces the reduction of systolic blood pressure and LDL-cholesterol as a result of metabolic changes in inflammation of blood vessels.
- Bifidobacterium lactis Documented significantly positive effect of the use of B. lactis in the prevention of allergies. Warning! Bifidobacterium lactis protects intestinal epithelial cells from damage by gliadins. Although bifidobacterium lactis does not eliminate the allergic reaction to gluten, the protective effect is helpful in the treatment and prevention of disease progression, e.g. in Celiac disease. Using B.lactis in the study, an improvement was achieved in the frequency of bowel movements, stool consistency and gastrointestinal passage. They are capable of producing the enzyme lactase and thus facilitate the digestion and absorption of lactose from dairy products. They are able to survive in the acidic environment of the stomach (similar to Lactobacillus acidophilus). Antagonistic action against the strains of the species Escherichia coli, Clostridium perfringens, Clostridium difficile, Salmonella typhi, Shigella dysenteriae and of the genus Staphylococcus and Proteus. Protectively in salmonella poisoning.
- Bifidobacterium longum. Bifidobacterium longum has antioxidant activity. The anti-inflammatory. It reduces the symptoms of allergies and colds. Reduces pain and inflammation in patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Ulcerative Colitis. It lives mainly in the colon where it produces lactic acid, thus creating an acidic environment, and the low pH prevents pathogenic bacteria from multiplying in the intestine.
- Bifidobacterium breve Produces acetic and lactic acids by digesting plant fibres. By lowering the pH of the digestive tract, it helps to inhibit the growth of pathogenic bacteria and supports the immune system. B. breve is used to treat diarrhoea, flatulence and reduce intestinal irritation. It is also used to treat irritable bowel syndrome and to treat allergic diseases. It helps to prevent fungal infections caused by Candida albicans. It inhibits E. coli infection. Used to successfully treat Candida oral cavity in the elderly. Oral Bifidobacterium breve helps modify metabolic functions in adults and can help reduce obesity.
- Lactobacillus lactis colonizes the digestive tract and inhibits the growth and spread of pathogenic bacteria. Used in patients with Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. By digesting carbohydrates, it changes them into acidic chemicals (lactic acid and hydrogen peroxide). Creates an unfriendly environment for bacterial pathogens.
- Lactobacillus fermentum. It is used in the reduction of respiratory diseases and in the treatment of urogenital infections in women. Resistant to low pH of the human digestive tract. Reduces cholesterol better than other Lactobacillus species. Antibacterial and antioxidant effect. (may help protect against oxidative tissue damage by certain foods.) Ability to fight or prevent salmonella infection
- Lactobacillus bulgaricus. Lactobacillus bulgaricus is capable of producing the enzyme lactase and thus facilitate the digestion and absorption of lactose from dairy products. Can be used to support the treatment of certain digestive disorders in gastrointestinal diseases such as IBS, IBD and Crohn’s. It is able to withstand extreme environmental conditions in the stomach. It is also used to treat post-antibiotic diarrhoea and to strengthen the immune system, e.g. in the treatment of Lyme disease.
- Lactobacillus helveticus It belongs to the group of psychobiotic bacteria. Clinical studies have shown L.helveticus. helps to improve mood. It improves the quality and length of sleep. They are used to support the work of the digestive system, stimulate the immune system and prevent the spread of dangerous bacteria and viruses, have anti-inflammatory effects. Lactobacillus helveticus. Studies have shown an antihypertensive effect. Produced by L.helveticus, they act as an inhibitor of the angiotensin-converting enzyme and by this mechanism reduces blood pressure. Positive effect on calcium metabolism. Exhibits antibacterial effect by displacing pathogenic strains.
- Bifidobacterium infantis Belongs to the group of psychobiotics. Has the ability to reduce some of the inflammatory processes associated with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), ulcerative colitis (IBD) and Crohn’s disease. Among probiotic bacteria, bifidobacterium infantis is one of the leaders in the processes of strengthening function and creating a protective barrier of intestinal cells. In syndromes of malabsorption and intestinal leak, it brings significant acceleration of intestinal regeneration by supporting dietary treatment.
- Antagonistic activity against the pathogenic Escherichia coli bacterium Lactobacillus Gasperi We use to strengthen the immune system, support weight reduction in a slimming diet, reduce chronic inflammation of the intestines and to relieve the symptom of allergies. Produces hydrogen peroxide and lactic acid in the intestines. It also produces bacteriocins that help fight Staphylococcus aureus infections. (Bacteriocins are bacterial toxins (in this case, positive) that prevent the development of other competing bacteria and pathogens. Used in the dietary treatment of obesity. It supports the reduction of abdominal fat, inhibits weight gain and accelerates metabolism. Clinical studies published in 2013, in British Journal of Nutrition showed that the Lactobacillus gasseri strain significantly reduced abdominal fat compared to the control group not taking supplementation with this probiotic. trials.
- Lactobacillus salivarius. It is used to treat patients with asthma and skin allergies such as eczema, atopic dermatitis. It is useful in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome as an anti-inflammatory and reliever. It is currently being studied for its potential anti-cancer properties. It has extremely strong colonization properties in the place where pathogens occur, with which it competes, thanks to which it is used for natural eradication of pathogens and building a foothold for colonization of other saprophytic batteries in the intestines. Supports digestion of proteins and produces B group vitamins and vitamin K It inhibits the growth of Candida albicans.
PREBIOTICS – The effect of a probiotic can be enhanced by administering it together with a prebiotic. A prebiotic is a component of food that is not digestible in the digestive tract, stimulates the selective growth or activity of certain intestinal strains, thus improving health. Prebiotics are fermented by specific microorganisms, and dietary fibre is used by most groups of microorganisms that live in the colon.
19. Fructooligosaccharides (FOS) are short-chain prebiotics that is the natural food of probiotic bacteria.
20. Inulin. Soluble fibre fraction. Counted among the best prebiotics in the world. Inulin has a positive effect on the immune system of the intestine and it is recommended for people with celiac disease. In addition, inulin was found to lower the glycemic index of foods. It also has the effect of reducing lactose intolerance and prevents diarrhoea, reduces the content of ammonia in the intestines and improves the ability of the kidneys to excrete nitrogen. Inulin belongs to compounds that inhibit the development of osteoporosis. Increasing the supply of this component in the diet improves calcium absorption. Hypolipemic properties are of great importance in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases, as well as increasing the absorption of selected minerals, including improving the condition of the skeleton. Inulin, which is a low-calorie compound and also acts as a substitute for starch-type carbohydrates, can be an important dietary element in the nutrition of people suffering from overweight and obesity.
21. Vital fibre – Defatted seeds of Golden Flax
Flax seeds contain numerous biologically active ingredients with a healthy effect, valuable from a nutritional point of view, omega-3 fatty acids, proteins, dietary fibre, lignans, vitamins (C, E, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6 and folic acid) and ingredients mineral (Ca, Mg, P, Cu, P, Zn). The ratio of omega 6: omega 3 is very favourable and is 0.3: 1 Is an excellent source of dietary fibre. It consists of an insoluble and water-soluble fraction (pectin, sluice and rubber). Insoluble fibre has laxative properties and prevents constipation, mainly by increasing the mass of faeces and shortening the time of intestinal transit. On the other hand, water-soluble fibre helps maintain a balanced postprandial glucose level and lowers blood cholesterol levels. The ratio of soluble to insoluble fibre in flax seeds is around 40:60. Flax seeds contain about 800 times more lignans compared to other plant sources. They have both antioxidant and phytoestrogen properties
22. A complex of natural B group vitamins. Supplementation with B vitamins is necessary for the proper functioning of the body. Scientific research has proved that vitamins from this group are responsible for the proper course of important biochemical processes, and their deficiency leads to the development of many diseases. Research results indicate a relationship between eating foods rich in vitamins belonging to this group and their preventive role associated with antioxidant activity.
23. Zinc Zinc in the human body has many functions, including in creating high-quality skin and hair, it is an important component of many proteins, is part of numerous enzymes, participates in protein synthesis, as well as in the stabilization of cell membranes and the skeletal system. It is necessary for the proper perception of taste and smell, the proper functioning of the immune system, the proper growth and sexual development as well as the synthesis and proper functioning of certain hormones, e.g. insulin. It also plays the role of an antioxidant. As an antagonist of cadmium and lead, it detoxifies these metals.
24. Selenium Selenium is responsible for the proper course of many physiological and biochemical processes occurring in the human body. It is mainly found in the form of selenomethionine and selenocysteine. This element is a component of about 20 enzymes, among others glutathione peroxidase, which is an antioxidant agent that protects cell membranes against the harmful effects of peroxides. It is a powerful antioxidant and together with vitamin E plays a protective role against the harmful effects of free radicals. Selenium is necessary for the proper synthesis, activation and metabolism of thyroid hormones. It plays a role in the proper functioning of the immune system. There are reports that with sufficiently high intake, selenium may reduce the risk of developing some cancers. The positive role of this micronutrient in the prevention of inflammatory, cardiovascular and neurological diseases is also pointed out. In addition, selenium limits the toxic effects of xenobiotics, especially heavy metals, forming stable complexes with them, which reduces their toxicity. The relationship between the insufficient amount of selenium in the body and e.g. weakening of immunity, risk of certain cancers, development of coronary heart disease or neurodegenerative diseases is also indicated. Selenium deficiencies have also been observed, among others in people with AIDS, phenylketonuria, cystic fibrosis, in people with acute pancreatitis, rheumatoid arthritis or depression.