Melanin is produced by specialized cells (melanocytes) that are scattered among the other cells in the top layer of the skin called the epidermis. After melanin is produced, it spreads into other nearby skin cells.
Pigment disorders can be widespread and affect many areas of skin, or they can be localised and affect only certain areas of the skin. The pigmentation changes they cause are called:
In our practice, we are focusing on Hyperpigmentation, which is usually or more pronounced when the skin is exposed to the sun. This happens because melanin absorbs the energy of the sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays, in order to protect the skin from overexposure. The usual result of this process is skin tanning, which tends to darken areas that are already hyperpigmented.
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Avoid direct exposure to sunlight